LIVER AND SMALL INTESTINE

Liver and Small Intestine

The Liver
The liver is the largest organ in the body. It extends across the upper abdomen beneath the diaphragm, the muscle that separates the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity. The liver has more jobs to do than any other organ. It stores and releases into the blood the proteins, sugars, and fats that we have absorbed from our food. It also purifies the blood and gets rid of wastes.

The Gall Bladder
The gall bladder is a small thin walled sac, shaped like a pear, attached to the underside of the liver. It receives from the liver and stores bile, which it sends out as needed through a hollow tube called the bile duct. The bile duct leads into the intestines where bile acts to digest the fats that we have eaten.

The Spleen
The spleen is a large bean-shaped gland lying high up’ beneath the diaphragm on the left side of the abdomen. Before a child is born, the spleen manufactures red blood cells. After birth, it destroys worn-out red blood cells.

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